Rohingya refugees are seen on Bangladesh Navy ships as they are relocated to the controversial flood-prone island Bhashan Char in the Bay of Bengal, in Chittagong on December 29, 2020. (Photo by REHMAN ASAD/AFP via Getty Images)

ROHINGYA refugees kept on a Bangladesh island fear they will be exposed to torrid conditions during the upcoming monsoon season and are struggling with “inadequate” health and education facilities, a Human Rights Watch (HRW) report said on Monday (7).

About 18,800 refugees have been moved from the Cox’s Bazar region – where around 850,000 people live in squalid and cramped conditions after fleeing Myanmar – to the low-lying silt island of Bhashan Char in the Bay of Bengal.

A spokesman for prime minister Sheikh Hasina’s office said another 80,000 Rohingyas would be shifted to the island soon.

The Bangladesh government has insisted the relocation is voluntary, with the island safe from cyclones and its facilities far better than the Cox’s Bazar camps.

However, after interviewing 167 refugees, HRW said they had been moved “without full, informed consent” and prevented from returning to the mainland.

The refugees also spoke of a shortage of health facilities and education for their children, the rights advocacy group said in its 58-page report.

Others feared the monsoon season starting in June could expose them to high winds and flooding on the island.

HRW acknowledged that Dhaka had been “generous and compassionate” in sheltering the Rohingyas – many of whom fled Myanmar after a brutal military crackdown in 2017 – but that their rights should be protected.

“The Bangladesh government is finding it hard to cope with over a million Rohingya refugees, but forcing people to a remote island just creates new problems,” Bill Frelick, HRW’s director of migrant and refugee rights, said in a statement.

Bangladesh foreign minister AK Abdul Momen hit back at the report, saying “whatever resources we have, we have tried to provide the best of services to these people”.

“Their nations are very developed… If they have so much sympathy, let them take them back to their country,” Momen said of the New York-based HRW.

“I am sorry we cannot have better facilities because we are not a rich country. We cannot afford to provide more things.”

On Friday (4), a boat filled with dozens of Rohingyas landed off the Indonesian coast after a months-long journey – the latest in a wave of arrivals from the cramped camps in Bangladesh.

Bangladesh police have also arrested Rohingyas trying to flee Bhashan Char, while thousands protested against conditions on the island last week during a visit by the UN refugee agency.